On August 29 world marks International Day against Nuclear Tests
A video tour dedicated to the International Day against Nuclear Tests was presented at the Library of the First President of Kazakhstan. The exhibits introduce to viewers the history of the struggle to end nuclear explosions on Kazakh land, which succeeded thanks to the decision of Nursultan Nazarbayev. They involve unique archival documents, photo and video materials, publications, museum exhibits and books from the Library’s fund.
“The video tour reveals the details of the period when our state experienced one of the most difficult trials in its history. We honor the memory of those years when hundreds of thousands of people suffered from a nuclear shock. Peace and tranquility of an independent country is the main value of Kazakh people. We remember the lessons of the past in order to not repeat the tragedy, for the sake of peaceful development and prosperity of future generations. In the virtual exhibition, we tried to show the key events from the history of the test site’s closure, the activities of the First President in the matter of nuclear disarmament. The result of his tremendous work was the recognition by the world community of the absolute leadership of Nursultan Nazarbayev in building a global anti-nuclear movement,” noted Amerkhan Rakhimzhanov, director of the Library, PhD in Political Sciences.
August 29 is historic date not only for Kazakhstan, but for the entire world community and global anti-nuclear movement. On this day in 1991, exactly 29 years ago, the First President signed a decree “On the closure of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test site”, the second most powerful in the world, after the test site in Nevada. This historic decision put an end to the bitter 40-year history of nuclear testing in the state. The decisive actions taken by Kazakhstan have shown to the whole world by its own example that there is another way of development without nuclear weapons, the way of building a peaceful future, a world of cooperation and economic growth for the benefit of all mankind. At the suggestion of Kazakhstan, the United Nations declared August 29 as the International Day against Nuclear Tests. This year the holiday will be celebrated for the tenth time.
Kazakhstan also became an initiator and co-author of the Nuclear-Weapons-Free World Declaration, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015. This was another step in strengthening the nonproliferation mode along with many other government initiatives. The 62nd Pugwash Conference was also held in the Kazakh capital, where leading experts from different countries discussed the issues of global risks posed by the use of nuclear weapons. The First President of Kazakhstan has spoken more than once at international summits, including at the most authoritative platform, the United Nations Security Council, urging states to abandon weapons of mass destruction and the use of the atom for military purposes.
The achievements of Nursultan Nazarbayev in relation to the country’s non-nuclear-weapon status is highly appreciated by the international community. This is evidenced by the international awards that were presented to him for the contribution to nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation.
Today, Kazakhstan’s First President was granted the status of a ‘Champion for a world free from nuclear tests,’ the press office of Kazakh Foreign Ministry reported. This was announced at the Special Session of the UN General Assembly, held to commemorate the International Day against Nuclear Tests. Executive Secretary of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) Lassina Zerbo acted as an initiator of granting of a new status to Nursultan Nazarbayev in recognition of the special historical contribution of Kazakhstan during his leadership to the global efforts towards a world that is free of nuclear weapons.
“The unprecedented decision of the First President of Kazakhstan to close the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site on August 29, 1991, one of the largest in the world, was recognized not only as the first legal ban on nuclear tests in human history, but also provided a strong basis for the establishment of the International Day,” Kazakh Foreign Ministry said.