Kazakh archaeologists discover sensational find in ancient Turkistan indicative of highly developed civilization

Kazakh archaeologists discover sensational find in ancient Turkistan indicative of highly developed civilization
Kazakh archaeologists discovered an astounding find that is an evidence to a highly developed civilization thriving on the territory of ancient Turkistan. Excavations were carried out on the grounds of the famous settlement of Kultobe, south of the mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, where they found a caravanserai, an oriental bath, a ceramic workshop and an educational facility dating back to the 18th and 19th centuries. Scientists say that the discovered artifacts could be of great interest to the entire world. 
Niches for storing documents and valuable items were also found on the site of the caravanserai located near the Takiya gate, the staff of the State Historical and Cultural Reserve-Museum ‘Azret Sultan’ said. In addition, there were warehouses, resting and reception rooms, a courtyard, prayer room and a one-room bathhouse called ‘muricha’. Experts suggest that such caravanserais were located at all four gates of the ancient settlement.
“The Takiya gate were located there. They were built in 1843-1849 under the Kokand Khanate. Not far from these gates there was a caravanserai. Such constructions were located near all four gates of Old Turkistan. Each of them had their own small bathhouses called ‘muricha’. The discovered facility was named ‘Takiya Caravanserai’. At this point there was a door to enter the reception room, and on the opposite site there was the office of the head of the caravanserai. There were caravans in the yard. The western part was built up with warehouses where goods were stored. While on the first floor there were household facilities, the second floor was intended for visitors’ rest and was called ‘Balakhana’. This building, with a total area of 35-40 meters, is one of the main finds of this year,” said a PhD in History, researcher of the Azret Sultan Reserve-Museum and an archaeologist Marat Tuyakbayev.
He said that excavations of the school found near the Takiya gate are of great historical significance, since an educational establishment was discovered on the territory of Turkistan for the first time.
“We originally thought that it was a madrasa. Through careful examination, we discovered a school that was divided into two parts. One part was for boys and the other part was for girls. At this school students were taught to read and write, and after graduation they entered the madrasa. Its length is more than 40 meters and the width is 25-30 meters divided into equal parts. All these rooms are cells where not only the city children studied, but also children from all over the neighborhood. School graduates could continue their studies at the Madrasa Galiya or religious educational institutions in Bukhara. Such school was discovered in the territory of Turkistan for the first time,” Tuyakbayev said.
A clay workshop with eight furnaces discovered by archaeologists is a direct evidence that pottery flourished in the territory of ancient Kazakhstan. Not only household utensils were made there, but also burnt bricks, which was a new discovery for archaeologists.
One of the main undeniably valuable artifacts was a small oriental bathhouse discovered on the territory of ancient Shahristan. Presumably, it consisted of several rooms intended also for bathhouse workers. Surprisingly, a storage facility for water, sardoba, as well as containers in the form of baths with healing herbs also survived there.
In addition, scientists carried out research work on the main street running from the mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi to the Zheti Ata gate. In their opinion, the doors of ancient buildings faced the main road, which speaks of the social function of these buildings. Scientists believe that not only shops and canteens could be located there, but other public places too.
Experts are confident that in the course of excavations and other work to unravel the secrets of ancient Turkistan, they have yet to make many new and incredible discoveries.