Archaeologists discover new findings in the Great Steppe
Based on the new findings of ancient civilizations of the Great Steppe throughout Kazakhstan, the current season may become fruitful for archaeologists.
For the first time in Kazakhstan, a complete specimen of ancient writing was found in Kultobe settlement, Turkistan region. The age of the inscription is almost 2,000 years. The find is a clay brick of three fragments, on which seven lines of 218 characters in the ancient Aramaic alphabet are carved. A great find for paleolinguists was already partially deciphered by Professor Nicholas Sims-Williams at Cambridge University.
“The piece is about the creation of a city by the leader of the Chach army named Sapadani, who came here to create a city on the area of gardens and tents where nomads lived. The names of leaders were written then, who were the rulers of the most important centers of that period, such as Samarkand, Bukhara, Kersh, Noksheb and Chach. It is written that one of the leaders was killed here, that there were some treasures that later became the property of the main ruler,” said Alexander Podushkin, the leader of expedition by the Central State Museum of Kazakhstan.
Archaeologists assured that this is a world-wide discovery, because for the first time in 30 years they managed to find a full text with a beginning and an end. The writing is done in the ancient Iranian dialect, which scientists call the Protosogdian or Kangui language, since the city was founded during the Kangui state in the first centuries A.D. Scientists discovered a phenomenal find in the wall of a small room.
“The sources of statehood and ethnogenesis of the modern Kazakh people are connected with a powerful civilization platform represented by the Kangui state with its cultural city centers, material and spiritual culture, the crown of which is this writing. This fragment gives us serious reasons to be proud of the traditions of our ancestors. All this is directly referred to the Modernization of Kazakhstan’s Identity program,” said Professor Alexander Podushkin.
The findings of researchers in the Karagandy region lead even further and deep into the centuries. Akkezen mound is being investigated in the region as part of the creation of the Taldy historical and archaeological park. It belongs to the early Iron Age and is one of the largest settlements in Kazakhstan: it has about 85 visually fixed remains of stone buildings. A stone sanctuary was excavated here last year. The beginning of this season was also successful: scientists discovered a metalworking workshop and found a foundry furnace.
Archaeologists found 89 items made of bronze and copper around the furnace: blacksmith and jewelry stone tools, bronze arrowheads, jewelry in the form of round plaques, buttons and buckles. Scientists said that the jewelers and blacksmiths of Akkezen used finished metal smelted from mined ores as raw materials. This indicates that even then there was a division of labor, characteristic of highly developed societies. Akkezen belongs to the Begazy-Dandybai culture of Kazakhstan and existed in the 14th to 10th centuries BC.
Another group of archaeologists discovered the burial of the Saka period in Kostanai region. Scientists suggested that one of the cemeteries at the junction of the Saba and Torgai rivers, which are adjacent to the plains and mountains, has the remains of the tribe leader. This is evidenced by the numerous gold jewelry and objects found in the mound. Such artifacts are extracted here for the first time. Ancient mounds of Saka tribes were found 80 kilometers from Arkalyk. Scientists found that the burials date back to 7th to 6th centuries BC.
“We began excavations in Torgai steppes in 2017. We have deeply dug штещ history over the past four years. We managed to prove that this place is of great importance for the whole world. To date, 16 burial sites have been found. Among them there are elite monuments with precious metals and treasures,” highlighted director of research institute at the National Museum of Kazakhstan Akan Ongaruly.