Kazakh archaeologists start field season, find new artifacts
The archaeological field season in all regions of Kazakhstan began on time despite restrictive measures. This year, it is going to be different because there will be no traditional student internships. Therefore, only the scientists, employed workers and enthusiasts will be involved in the archaeological excavations during this year’s field season.
The domestic researchers started the new archaeological season with discoveries. A sword of the Saka era was found in the Akmola region. Archaeologists unequivocally attributed their find to the early Iron Age, which lasted from the seventh century BC to the fourth century AD. The artifact was discovered west of the Magdalinovka village of Atbasar district by the reconnaissance group of the Center for Protection and Use of Historical and Cultural Heritage.
Scientists say that before excavation a special group goes to the supposed site of new archaeological finds. This group determines the places most interesting for archaeological work. During one of those trips, a special group found this historical item.
“The reconnaissance group drives the cross-country vehicle to the intended site and does the visual inspection of the place. Usually, the mound can be found by following the stone fences. Our employees found a sword by accident. It was located at a depth of 30 centimeters. The sword was 79-centimeter long. The tip of the blade was sharpened on both sides. The middle part and the tip of the sword were curved, probably due to the weight of heavy stones,” said Gaukhar Sarsekova, Department Head of the Center for Protection and Use of Historical and Cultural Heritage.
The historical artifact is an object of military life. This indicates that the mound was a military burial.
“If already during reconnaissance a valuable artifact was discovered, it is most likely that we will find even more of interesting archaeological finds during the excavations,” Sarsekova said.
The artifact was transferred to the Akmola Regional Museum of History and Local Lore. Currently, the sword is under examination of its composition.
“Usually, all the archaeological finds are passed on to us by the end of the year and then we study them here. Most likely, the found sword will be stored in our funds. We will be presenting it at exhibitions,” said Anar Duisenbayeva, Deputy Director of the Akmola Regional Museum of History and Local Lore.
The burial ground was first identified in 1992 and re-examined in 2006. Recently, experts began to study the mound again.
In total, there are more than 100 archaeological monuments in the Atbasar district of Akmola region, including nearly 20 mounds related to the Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age.
Archaeologists in Karagandy region also made amazing discoveries. Currently, six expedition groups are working there. Four of them are in Shet district. A historical and archaeological park is planned to be opened there.
The first excavations brought up interesting findings. A bronze knife, bracelets and pendants were discovered in one of the burials dated back to the 17th century BC. In addition, in the adjacent burial, archaeologists found a large ingot of bronze. Next, experts have to find out what it was used for.