Zhoshy Khan Mausoleum is witness to Ulytau region history
A valuable artifact that is directly related to the Golden Horde era is preserved in the ‘Ulytau’ national historical, cultural and natural museum-reserve. It is a qubba that once crowned dome of the Zhoshy Khan mausoleum. The chief curator of the museum Bayan Shaigozova said that scientists rarely find such element in the monuments of that era.
“An architectural monument of the 12th-13th centuries, the Zhoshy Khan Mausoleum, is one of the most famous and outstanding historical architectural monuments of the Golden Horde era. Zhoshy Khan, the ancestor of the Kazakh khans, was the eldest son of Genghis Khan. The mausoleum has a rectangular shape. The arch of the mausoleum is also intricately and elegantly constructed. The structure has a double dome. The outer dome was not preserved. Previously, it was installed on a star-shaped 17-sided drum of a very rare form and was lined with tiles and turquoise glaze. The artifact was originally installed at the top of the dome. It was also made of ceramic,” Shaigozova noted.
Experts say that the qubba top has undergone several reconstructions before becoming the museum’s exhibit. There are reports that one part of it was lost during a restoration.
“In 1973, a group of researchers led by Marat Sembin went on an expedition. They noticed the collapsed qubba during the study of the Zhoshy Khan mausoleum. The qubba was restored during the study of the mound. Currently, we have two parts preserved in our museum installed one above the other. The researchers said that there was also a third component, a bowl-shaped one. It is believed that it was lost approximately in 1974,” Shaigozova said.
Bayan Shaigozova has been working at the ‘Ulytau’ national historical, cultural and natural museum-reserve for 26 years. She believes that it is necessary to introduce the younger generation of Kazakhstan to the preserved artifact and the rich historical heritage of the region. Various exhibition events will contribute to this. Director of the ‘Ulytau’ museum Baktiyar Kozhakhmetov agrees with Shaigozova. He also noted that the museum activities have intensified as part of the celebration of the 750th anniversary of the Golden Horde. The number of visitors has also increased. For the convenience of tourists, a road and a tourist complex are being built to the Zhoshy Khan mausoleum located in the Ulytau district.
“This year, in addition to publishing studies of various expeditions and holding conferences to celebrate the 750th anniversary of the Golden Horde, a historical complex, museum, hotel and canteen are being built near the Zhoshy Khan mausoleum. We believe that this sacred object will become an attractive destination for tourists. We plan to open the complex in August,” said Kozhakhmetov.
Ulytau district, which was an epicenter of a nomadic civilization, will become more convenient and attractive for tourists who want to learn more about the history and the rich past of the country of the Great Steppe.