Lawyers Study Abai’s Legislative Work

Abai Kunabaiuly went down in history as a great poet, philosopher, and composer. However, during his lifetime he served as a talented lawmaker and governor. Legal scholars and experts are now studying his legacy as a political leader and judge. He served as a knowledgeable biy, judge, in his later years. Abai developed a code of civil, criminal and administrative laws, titled Karamola Erezhe. The comprehensive code of law consisted of 73 articles and was put into force in Semey in May 1885. The legal document played an important role in systematizing the justice system.  

“Laws of the Russian Empire didn’t reflect some of the customs and traditions of the Kazakh people. Certainly, the new document developed by Abai combined the laws of the Empire and the laws of the steppe. Abai found a balance between the two. His contribution to the political and legal development of the Kazakhs society was invaluable”, said Dean, Faculty Of Law, Eurasian National University, Zhamaladen Ibragimov  

Kazakh lawyers are now studying some of the justice principles of Abai’s code of law.

“The code had a subpoena clause. In case a defendant didn’t appear before the court after receiving a notification, it was within the legal capacity of a judge or biy to make a ruling in his absence. This practice was introduced through he adopted of the mentioned Karamola Erezhe”, emphasized Judge, Guldana Sharapatova

The original Karamola Erezhe was printed in the Arabic script at the Kazan Imperial University by the order of the military governor of Semey. The Kazakh writer and public figure, Gabit Musrepov, donated an original copy of the code to the National State Archive of Kazakhstan where it has been kept to this day.