‘Trails of Nomad’ expedition continued its journey to Ukraine
The ‘Trails of Nomad’ research expedition has continued its journey to Ukraine. The researchers have visited historical sites of the Kharkiv region. A group of scientists have visited the fortress called ‘The Serpent’s Wall.’ The facility stretching from the West to East is an ancient monument of modern Ukraine. This is the western counterpart of the great wall of China. In the 12th and 13th centuries, there was a border between western Desht-i-Kipchak and Kievan Rus.
TATYANA KRUPA, UKRAINIAN ARCHEOLOGIST
- There was a border. The country bordered with sedentary state, Turkic Khaganate, which means a lot for Ukrainian history. I call it conditionally the Turkic khaganate since it is the Pechenegs state, the Kipchak state. We unite all of this with the big beautiful name Desht-i-Kipchak.
At that time, relations between the Kipchaks and Rus were complicated. In order to improve relations, the Russian princes and the Kipchak khans formed marriage alliances. New cities were built at the junction of the two civilizations. One of the brightest archaeological monuments of that time is the Donetsk settlement. According to the chronicles, the capital of the Kipchaks was not far from this settlement.
MIKHAIL SAYANYI, DIRECTOR, MUSEUM OF LOCAL HISTORY:
- As mentioned in the Old Russian Chronicle ‘The Tale of Igor's Campaign,’ the Polovtsian-Kipchak cities were built by the Polovtsian-Kipchaks such as Sharukan, Sugrov and Balyn. It is impossible to say exactly where these cities are today, because archaeological research, unfortunately, was not conducted.
Another location that is famous for its ancient and rich history is the city of Izyum. It is located 120 kilometers away from Kharkov. Historians say that there was a Kipchak fortress.
SAPAR ISKAKOV, CURATOR OF EXPEDITION:
- The Izyum city, which is located 120 kilometers away from Kharkov, is very valuable to us since our ancestors had lived there for almost 200 years. Three cities were built not far from Kharkov.
Researchers visited the Zaporozhye region. They have passed thousands of kilometers. Participants of the ‘Trails of Nomads’ research expedition highlight that there are still many discoveries waiting for them.