Kazakhstan at international arena: 2018 outcomes
2018 is successful for Kazakhstan. The country held a number of major international events, ranging from the presidency in the UN Security Council to hosting a summit of Central Asian leaders. According to politicians and experts, the Fifth Caspian Summit held in Aktau was a serious achievement of the year. As a result of the summit, the presidents of Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Russia and Turkmenistan signed the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea.
CHINGIZ ISMAILOV, HEAD, CENTER FOR CASPIAN STUDIES, AZERBAIJAN:
- The adopted convention enhanced the legal framework for future steps. The countries are interested in implementing oil, transport and environmental projects in the Caspian Sea. I am convinced that we will see the real results of cooperation among the Caspian five in the upcoming years. The document’s agreement process took 20 years. The signing signaled the beginning of a new cooperation stage in the Caspian Sea. The document takes into account common and national interests.
As a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, Kazakhstan held the presidency in this important UN body, which was a key event for the country’s diplomacy. Kazakhstan was the first country in history to represent the Central Asian region on the global platform. In January, Kazakh diplomats held 30 meetings at various levels.
BAKHTIYOR IBRAGIMOV, UZBEKISTAN’S PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE IN UNITED NATIONS:
- Kazakhstan achieved great success as the first Central Asian member of the United Nations Security Council. During the Security Council membership, Kazakhstan introduced a number of important initiatives, including organization of the Central Asian foreign ministers’ meeting.
This year, Kazakhstan secured its position as a peacekeeper. The country is a respected member of the international community, contributing to maintaining stability and strengthening security. Kazakh peacekeepers participate in the international peacekeeping mission in Lebanon for the first time.
Kazakhstan actively cooperates with the UN in all areas. In 2018, the UN Regional Hub opened in Almaty, which is a success for the Kazakh officials.
YERZHAN ASHIKBAYEV, KAZAKH DEPUTY FOREIGN MINISTER:
- This center will play a very important role in terms of promoting the Sustainable Development Goals throughout the entire Central Asian region, because all the UN agencies are located at one spot. Accordingly, the new location will provide better conditions for the entities to coordinate their activities, perform joint work and implement joint projects. All these developments will certainly have a lasting effect on Kazakhstan and the Central Asian countries.
Kazakhstan is making initiatives in UNESCO as well. Kazakhstan’s natural sites, such as Sharyn and Zhongar were included in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Currently, there are 10 reserves from Kazakhstan in this list, which provides more prospects for the development of international cooperation, tourism and preservation of natural diversity.