Plan of nation
Italian scientist studies Al-Farabi’s legacy
Al-Farabi made a significant contribution to the development of medieval medicine, says Edoardo Canetta, the Italian scientist studying the works of the Second Teacher. The professor of the prestigious Accademia Ambrosiana of Milan Canetta plans to come to Kazakhstan when the novel coronavirus pandemic is over in order to share his research.
“At the time of the global COVID-19 outbreak, I think it is important to spread the information about the works of Al-Farabi and other medical scientists. Ibn Sina, often known as Avicenna, considered Al-Farabi as his teacher. Such great philosophers thought that the governments should pay a paramount attention to the health of the population. It is no coincidence that Al-Farabi said that the main principle for governing the country should be taking care of health and well-being of the population,” said Canetta at the international scientific-practical online conference ‘Legacy of Al-Farabi and Modernity’, organized by the Kazakh National Academic Library.
Canetta says that Al-Farabi drew knowledge from the Greek mythology and listened to his Nestorian teachers. Al-Farabi devoted a lot of time to study the works of not only Aristotle, but also Hippocrates and Galen of Pergamum. Canetta said that Avicenna and Al-Farabi developed a large number of medicines.
“It is well known that Al-Farabi was from the modern Otyrar, and Avicenna from Uzbekistan. They both were well-acquainted with the steppe plants and this helped them develop many new herbal medicines. Al-Farabi knew that taking a large number of medications could have side effects. He could distinguish smallpox from measles, although they have very similar symptoms. Today it is very important to popularize the information on the medicine of Central Asia. Many documents in Arabic, including Al-Farabi’s works were preserved in the Veneranda Biblioteca Ambrosiana. There is even an original manuscript of ‘Kitab al-Musiqa al-Kabir’ (The Great Book of Music). I’m sure that you heard about the coronavirus situation in Italy and especially in Milan. I promise that I will bring this book to Kazakhstan after the COVID-19 pandemic comes to an end,” Canetta said.
This year marks the 1150th birth anniversary of Al-Farabi, a famous philosopher, music scholar, sociologist, mathematician, physicist, astronomer, botanist, linguist and scientist. The anniversary of Al-Farabi is celebrated under the auspices of UNESCO.