Number of renewable energy facilities in Kazakhstan grows
One of the solar power stations with a capacity of 50 megawatt is currently being built in Turkistan region near Kentau on a land site of 200 hectares, the city’s mayoral office reported.
“The construction of the power plant that will generate solar power is planned to be completed in Kotyrbulak village by the end of the year. The project costs 15.9 billion tenge (US$40.1 million),” noted in Kentau’s mayoral office.
A solar power plant with a capacity of 100 MW was launched in Akmola region less than two weeks ago. Nearly 30 billion tenge (US$75.7 million) was invested in its construction. The annual electricity generation here will be more than 148 million kWh.
In 2019, 21 renewable energy facilities were launched with participation of both local and foreign investors. According to Kazakh Ministry of Energy, 37 solar and 37 hydro power plants, 22 wind and five bio stations are operating in the country. A total capacity of the renewable energy facilities was 1,050 MW last year. The capacity is planned to be increased to 1,655 MW in 2020 via introduction of 108 new green stations.
“The amount of green energy has doubled over three years. In 2017, stations with renewable energy sources generated more than one billion kWh. In 2019, this indicator grew to nearly 2.5 billion kWh. The Kazakh Energy Ministry plans to increase it up to 3.15 kWh this year,” said in the ministry.
According to the USAID report, Kazakhstan has a great potential in wind power.
“Approximately 50 percent of the country’s wind speed is 4-5 m/sec at an altitude of 30 meters. Solar energy also has huge potential: annual sunshine hours in Kazakhstan is 2200-3000,” stated the report.
United Nations Development Program experts also said that all types of the renewable energy can be developed in Kazakhstan.
“They can be related to wind, sun and water. The country can also actively use biogas stations, biomass boiler plants, heat and geothermal pumps. The potential for using wind and solar energy is higher than other renewable energy sources. These energy sources are more affordable and are distributed throughout the country. For example, technically feasible potential of wind generation in the state is 920 billion kWh. This is significantly higher than the current generation and consumption of electric energy in the country,” commented in UNDP.
An increase in the renewable energy projects in global energy balance is expected to reach 35 percent by 2050. Kazakhstan plans to increase this indicator up to 3 percent by the end of this year, to 10 percent by 2030 and to 50 percent by 2050. Analysts estimated that the renewable energy field can attract nearly US$625 billion in Kazakhstan per year.