The Main Decoration of the Yurt, Baskur
The dwelling of the nomad, the yurt is considered as more than a tangible heritage. Its form has a sacred meaning, which symbolizes the world and cosmos. Each pattern of the decoration of yurt is interpreted based on its own meaning. Traditions experts say that baskur, a patterned braid, has a functional significance in the strong structure of the yurt.
Baskur has always been the main decoration of the yurt. The braid is made wide because it links the lower and upper parts of the yurt. It covers the separate parts of the wood that are connected. The wooden joint does not look good, so it is covered with the decorated braid. It covers half of the kerege and uyk. It makes the yurt looks beautiful and well-kept,” said Master of Applied Art, Bulbul Kapkyzy.
Craftswomen work with natural cotton and wool. They say that if a person can weave ribbons, then it is easy to learn how to make alasha carpets.
“16 ribbons with brushes, two zhelbau, and one baskur are enough to decorate the yurt. The most important purpose of the use of all these decorations is about connecting parts of the yurt which serves as a tightening element. Then only, they should decorate the yurt. A long canvas should be divided into equal segments in order to tie them. Take, for example, this carpet. It is made of clean felt on which mainly geometric patterns are used,” Kapkyzy said.
Every creation of the craftswomen is an unfinished work of art. It is common that inspiration can come to a person at any time and a craftswoman can improve her product. This is the very sacred meaning which constitutes a sort of continuation, says craftswoman Bulbul Kapkyzy.