Trails of Nomads expedition in Tabriz, Iran

Kazakhstan’s Trails of Nomads research expedition traveled to Tabriz, Iran which was founded by Kipchak rulers in the 12th century.

The city became the center of the Jalayirid Sultanate rule in the 14th century.

The Trails of Nomads expedition members discovered the tomb of Hasan Buzurg Taj-ud-Din, the founder of the Jalayirid Sultanate in Tabriz.

Hasan Buzurg ruled the sultanate in the 14th century from 1336 to 1356. His son, Uvais Jalayir who succeeded him as a Jalayirid ruler was also buried at the same place.

The research expedition leader, Sapar Iskakov said that if the area is revived by Kazakh investors, it could turn into a tourist zone.

“Our ancestors ruled in Iran, Azerbaijan and the Arabian lands up to the 1390s,” he said, adding that the expedition team could not find the stone monuments of the Kazakh ancestors.

The Azerbaijan Museum in Tabriz kept many household items used by Kazakh ancestors. These include multi-colored coins with the names of the ruling sultans and memorial gravestones.

The city of Tabriz also housed two domes built by the Kipchaks during the ruling of Eldeniz, located in the city of Maragheh in Iran. There is also a Mausoleum of Emir Shams ad-Din Qarasunqar in the city. According to historical data, the Emir was respected among Egyptian Mamluks.

Iskakov said that Emir Shams was an Egyptian Mamluk and was appointed as the Emir of Maragheh.

The Emir ruled the city until his death in 1328.

“After his death, his descendants built a large dome in his honor. These facilities were left by our ancestors. These buildings are very important for Kazakhs,” Iskakov said.