Nauryz: Spring Holiday Celebrated Widely Amongst Kazakhs and Other Turkic Nations
Nauryz is the holiday of spring revival, mostly celebrated by Kazakhs and other Turkic nations.
Ethnographer, Serik Yerghali believes that the celebration started when Tengrism is practiced on the territory of present-day Kazakhstan.
As evidence, he showed a stone near the Anyrakai Mountain which is located 170 kilometers away from Almaty.
The ancient monument has the carvings of the Tengrian day and night deities surrounded by 12 astrological signs and four animals, signifying each season celebrating the arrival of spring.
“The day and night deities are depicted with their arms open towards each other. Based on the radiological test, the monument is 5,000 years old. However, I believe that the stone is at least 7,000, 8,000 or 10,000 years old.”
“The carvings on the stone were made before the emergence of the Sumer and Babylonian civilizations. There is also a carving of a cow. The newborn calf signifies Nauryz as the new beginning and New Year,” Yerghali said.
Nauryz is also associated with the celebration of the revival of nature. In the history of humanity, the New Year coincided at the same time as the Nauryz celebrations in ancient Egypt and the Roman Empire.
The word Nauryz originates from Persia with the meaning ‘The New Day.’ Meanwhile, Tengrism is an ancient religion practiced mainly by Turkics in Central Asia prior to the formation of the Soviet Union.
Nauryz is a big celebration in the countries that celebrate the holiday. In Iran, for example, the preparation for the event is done one month ahead.
“We prepare the New Year’s outfits and clean up the house. We serve traditional food and invites guests to our house. There are also competitions and concerts being held on a large scale,” said Iranian Ambassador to Kazakhstan, Majid Samadzadeh Saber.
He added that the Iranian Government announced up to 14 days off in conjunction with the Nauryz celebration.
The spring holiday of Nauryz is celebrated by more than 300 million people in many regions, including the Balkans, the Black Sea Basin, the Caucasus, Central Asia and the Middle East.
Naurys is proclaimed an international holiday by the United Nations and has been inscribed into the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of the Humanity list.