The National Day of Dombyra will become a traditional holiday

The National Day of Dombyra will become a traditional holiday. The musical instrument embodies a history of nomadic people. The dombyra’s strings keep wisdom of centuries of the great Kazakh steppe. Archaeological studies conducted on the territory of ancient Kazakhstan testify to a historical fact of the dombyra. According to experts, a prototype of the modern dombyra is over 4,000 years old and is one of the first plucked instruments.


 - The dombyra instrument is a unique heritage of musical culture of Kazakhs. Since Kazakhs is a nomadic people, there is no precise written historical information, but we can rely on historical chronology and on the basis of this information it can be said that the dombyra and formation of the dombyra dates back to many thousands of years.

According to head of the ‘Astana sazy’ ethno-folklore ensemble, Bauyrzhan Aktayev, a technique of playing on dombyra is unique and diverse. With the help of this folk instrument, musicians can perform sound combinations of any complexity. Velvet and rhythmic melodies of the dombyra allow revealing fullness of the rich spiritual world of Kazakhs.


 - Dombyra is an instrument that plays a great role in our people’s lifestyle and their identity. Take for example, the kui ‘Aksak kulan - Zhoshy Khan.’ The story says that Zhoshy Khan ordered to cut off a person’s head who dares to tell him about the death of his son. Therefore, a skilled musician decided to tell the khan the sad news in a musical arrangement played on the dombyra. This is my vision of the dombyra. It is not just an instrument, but a friend with which people shared their grief and celebrated their joy.

There are many epics and legends about the dombyra. Eight years ago, a flash mob of dombyra players was listed in the Guinness Book of Records. Nearly 10,500 people performed the Kazakh kui ‘Kenes’ in China.


 - This shows that the dombyra is popular not only on the territory of our state, but outside the country. In this regard, its legacy is unique for the Kazakhs and its importance as the musical heritage of mankind is unquestionable.