Zhyrau is a Source of Steppe Melodies of Nomads

The art of zhyrau is a source of steppe melodies of nomads. This ancient folklore’s main specialty lies in poetry, music and art of performance. The traditional genres are the voluminous zhyr, tolgau and terme.

Moreover, there are also ancient, heroic, romantic, legendary and historical subgenres. Uzyn ancient art was transferred to zhyrau tradition during the Oguz period. This had become a foundation for creative works of Tonykok, Korkyt, Asan Kaigy, Kaztugan, Dospambet, Shalkyiz, Zhiyembet and Margaska zhyraus. Zhyrau tradition had been actively developed in Central Asia from 15th to 18th centuries.

“Central Asian people used to call them uzan and uzandar during the Turkic era. Since then, the art of zhyrau had been developed on the Kazakh steppe. Asia’s Bakhshy, Azerbaijan’s ashuk and Turkey’s uzan take root from our common historical era. There is a Kazakh saying: “Fingers have different points but the arm is one.” Turkic speaking countries’ common roots, culture and music originate from natural and historical depth. Therefore, art is a source of friendship and brotherhood for us,” said Zhyrau, Honored Worker of Kazakhstan, Almas Almatov.